Trip duration: 2 days trip
Trip type: historical tour
Trip runs: Every Monday
Departure Time: About 06:00 am
Starting from: Sharm El Sheikh
Return to: Sharm El Sheikh
1st day in Cairo
Pick up from the hotel
Pick up from your hotel in Sharm el Sheikh by Air conditioned van or bus to Sharm el Sheikh Airport and fly to Cairo.
Meet & assist in Cairo airport
Our professional English guide will be waiting for you outside the arrival hall of Cairo airport.
Visit of The National Egyptian museum
Start your day with the visiting of The National Egyptian museum. In 1834 Mohamed Ali decreed an administration for the antiquities. He also ordered constituting the first museum in Al-Azbaquia. In 1858, August Mariette was in charge of the Egyptian Antiquities Institution and he built a museum in Bulaq, which opened in1863.
In 1891, the antiquities were transferred from Bulaq to the Palace of Giza (Saray El-Giza). In 1902 the present museum was built. It has about 120,000 objects on display, and several hundred thousand are still in the vaults.
Have lunch in a local restaurant.
Visit of Pyramids & Sphinx
After lunch, you will start your tour by visiting the pyramids of Giza&sphinx. Among the major tourist sites, there is only one considered to be “The major” and on top of any list – The Pyramids of Giza.
There are three main Pyramids here, which were built in the 4th Dynasty (circa 2550 B.C). The Pyramids of Ancient Egypt were built as tombs for Kings (and Queens), and it was the exclusive privilege to have a Pyramid tomb. However, this tradition only applied in the Old and Middle Kingdoms. Today there are more than 93 Pyramids in Egypt; the most famous ones are those at Giza. Also you will see The Great Sphinx, or as the ancients knew it, “Shesib Ankh” or “the living image”, has to be one of the most recognizable constructions in history. Think of the Sphinx and you automatically think of Egypt and the Giza Plateau.
Free time in Cairo in the evening
Overnight in the hotel
you will spend the night in 3* hotel near the pyramids on BB basis
2nd day in Alexandria
Alexandria, the city created by Alexander the Great in 333BCE and with a history very different from any of the other cities in Egypt. When this famous Macedonian (the Greek state, not the former Yugoslav country) was en route to visit the Oracle Temple of Amun at the Siwa oasis he stopped overnight at the village of “Re-qdt” (its Greek name is “Racotis”) between the Mediterranean Sea and the Lake of Mariott (its location today is the area of Tel Bab Sadrah or Karmouz). Alexander decided that this was to be the spot where a great city would be built and charged one of his architects, Dinocratis, to build it.
Pick up from your hotel
Pick up from your hotel in Cairo and transfer by a/c van to Alexandria along Alexandrian desert road. It will take around 2,30 hours.
Greco-Roman Museum visit
Start your day with visiting the Greco-Roman Museum with its 27 halls and a lush garden. All these offer you an excellent introduction to the Greek and Roman art of Egypt
Alexandrian library visit
Visit the largest library all over the world – the library of Alexandria. Inspired by the original library of Alexandria, which was considered one of the greatest of classical institutions the new Library is located on the same site where the old Library was built 2300 years ago within the old royal quarter of Alexandria under the Ptolemies.
Have lunch in a local restaurant.
Visit of Catacombs
The Catacombs (meaning underground tunnels) lie in the district of Karmouz to the east of Alexandria. The area was called Kom El-Shouqafa or a pile of shards.
The cemetery dates back to the 1st century A.D and was used until the 4th century A.D. It was discovered in 1900 when by pure chance, a donkey drawn cart fell into a pit, which led to the discovery.
The Catacombs in Alexandria are so called because the design was very similar to the Christian Catacombs in Rome. Most likely it was a private tomb, later converted to a public cemetery. It consists of 3 levels cut into the rock, a staircase, a rotunda, the triclinium or banquette hall, a vestibule, an antechamber and the burial chamber with three recesses in it; in each recess there is a sarcophagus. The Catacombs also contain a large number of Luculi or grooves cut in the rock.
Roman Amphitheatre and Pompey’s Pillar visit
Every town in ancient Rome had an amphitheatre, which means, “double theatre”. They were grand and impressive, shaped in a half circle, open to the sky, and might have held 100.000 people. The stage had no curtain; it was just a stone platform.
Imagine yourself in ancient Alexandria, in the Roman theatre on a hot afternoon. All you can smell is the Mediterranean mist; all you can see are wild beasts, driven in through the tall doorway, and the fighters coming in from all around the floor. Famous jockeys and gladiators are walking in, and then the excitement begins.
The Memorial Of Diocletian (Pompey’s Pillar)
The so-called “Pompey Pillar” is the biggest memorial column in Egypt. It is a huge column of red granite, its total height is about 28 m with a diameter at the base of 2.7 m, and towards the capital at the top it tapers to 2.3 m.
On the upper part at the western side is an inscription in Greek, which reads:
“To the most just Emperor, tutelary of Alexandria Diocletian, the invincible, Postumus, the Prefect of Egypt (has erected this monument)”.
Fly back to Sharm el Sheikh
At the end of the day drive back to Cairo Airport, fly back to Sharm el Sheikh on the arrival our tour leader will drive you back to your hotel.
INCLUDED IN THE PRICE:
- Return flight from Sharm- Cairo-sharm el sheikh
- Tour to Giza pyramids and Sphinx
- Tour to Egyptian Museum
- Shopping through famous Bazaars
- Tour to Greco- Roman museum
- Tour to pompey’s pillar, roman theater and library
- Service of professional tour guide
- Entrance fees to the sights
- Lunch at quality restaurant
- Pick up service from hotel and return
- Assistance of our personal during tours
- All transfers by air-conditioned mini-bus
- Personal expenses
- drinks within meals
- any extras not mentioned in the program